OVER VIEW
This program has two main purposes. The first is to make printed tests that can be given to students in the classroom. The second is to ask and answer questions on the computer itself. While both of these are simple tasks, this program provides a wealth of tools to make it simple and customizable to your specific needs.

The general convention in these instructions is to use the term "test" to refer to a set of questions printed on paper in the form of a test, and the term "quiz" to refer to the questions being asked and answered on the computer itself.

There are three main steps to using the program. First, compose and type in your questions, or load them from a word processing file. Second, select questions from the ones you have entered. Third, print out the questions that you have selected or compile them into a quiz.

The basic question type is multiple choice. Always think of an essay, cross match or fill in the blank question (the other three allowable types) as just a modified multiple choice question. In other words, when you type in a question always include multiple choice answers. Then at the time you print the question you can decide if it is to be printed as an essay or multiple choice question. Another reason to do this is that it allows the same question to be printed as an essay on a printed test, but be a multiple choice question on a computer given quiz, or vise versa.

Computer quizzes can be placed on a personal computer or on the internet as a webpage. Computer quizzes may include hyper-linked documents of unlimited length and graphic images. By combining text, images, and questions you may even create a computer textbook.

The questions in a quiz can serve two different purposes. Graded questions are used to determine a student's knowledge, for example, "When did World War II begin?" Survey questions are used to ask for information, "What is your student ID number?", or "Did you ever have the Mumps?"

Graded questions in a quiz can be scored, timed per question and/or entire quiz, and the student can be shown the correct answer if the question is answered incorrectly.

Quizzes of survey questions can be used as product surveys, employment or loan applications, medical histories, etc.

Quizzes can be made of all survey or all graded questions. Or a quiz can have both types, with the survey questions being asked first.

Scores and student answers from a quiz can be stored on the computer disk after the quiz is taken by each student. Later the scores and answers from all the students quizzes can be printed out or loaded into a spreadsheet program like Lotus 1-2-3.


LIMITS

This program is designed to be able to display almost any question that you can type in. However if you enter very weird questions, such as one that is almost all question (no answers) with many paragraphs, or a four word question with many twelve line answers, you may be asking the program to exceed its capabilities.

Scores from computer given quizzes that are recorded as a computer file can grow until you run out of disk space. However if you try to use "Quiz management" to sort thousands of these scores you will run out of memory.


PROGRAM LOADING
STARTING A QUESTION SET

If you downloaded this program from the internet.
Simply create a directory called TESTER, move the downloaded file TEST.ZIP to it, and unzip the file.

To create a directory (also called a "folder"), from Windows '95 and up, click on the "start" button at the bottom of the screen and then use "find" to find a program called "winfile". When found, double click in the "winfile" icon to run the program. Now click on "file" at the top of the screen and then click "create directory". Type in C:\TESTER and click "OK". You're done.

To unzip the file use "find" again to locate a file called "winzip". Use winzip to unzip the TEST.ZIP file that you put in your new C:\TESTER folder. If you do not have winzip it can be downloaded from http://www.pkware.com/

To start Harris Test use "My Computer" to goto your TESTER folder and click on the TEST icon.

If your received this program on disks.
On the disk you received there should be the following files, TEST.EXE, QUIZ.EXE, QREADER.EXE, TESTDOC.DOC, INSTRUCT.DOC, and INSTALL.BAT. The first three are programs, TEST.EXE allows you to create questions, print them, or make quizzes. QUIZ.EXE lets students take the quizzes made by TEST.EXE. QREADER.EXE reads and formats questions typed on a word processing program. TESTDOC.DOC is this set of instructions, INSTRUCT.DOC is a text file used by TEST.EXE. INSTALL.BAT is a program that installs these files properly on drive C:, your hard drive.

To load this program you may....
If you have a hard drive slide this disk into one of your floppy drives. From the DOS prompt, (ie. when the last line on the screen says C> ) select that drive by typing either A: or B: and pressing [ENTER]. Now type INSTALL and press [ENTER], the program will now be loaded on your hard drive. If you received this program on more than one disk, repeat the process until all the disks have been installed. Do not be alarmed if when installing multiple disks the screen says "FILE NOT FOUND", it just means that the file is on one of the other disks. To run the program return to your hard drive by typing C: and pressing [ENTER]. Now type TEST and press [ENTER].

(Note; for the following it is assumed that you have already started your computer with a boot disk in drive A: and are at the DOS prompt A> It is also a wonderful idea to make backups of the program disks and use the backups.)

If you do not have a hard drive and this program came to you on ONE disk...

On a blank system disk copy all the files from the program disk except the .TST files. The files in the TESTER directory on the program disk MUST be copied into a TESTER directory that you make on your new system disk. This is now your boot/program disk for Harris Test, you can put a limited number of questions on it. Type TEST and press [ENTER] to start the program. If you have a drive B: insert a blank disk into it, then from the "Welcome to Harris Test" screen choose B: The disk in drive B: will be your data disk and hold your questions. Note you should copy the file INSTRUCT.DOC into each data disk in a TESTER directory.

If you only have one drive then you may put a blank system disk in drive A: at the "Welcome to Harris Test" screen. It should also have the file INSTRUCT.DOC on a TESTER directory.

If you do not have a hard drive and this disk came to you on two 720K (3 1/2") disks then follow the "one disk" instructions above using disk 1 of 2. If you need to use the program disk to store your questions (you only have one drive) you may omit putting TESTDOC.DOC (the manual) on the boot/program disk after you have printed the manual. (Note; if you can copy both disks to a 1.2M or a 1.44M disk, and your computer can use it, then do so.)

NOTE: Version 4 and higher cannot be run from a computer having only 360K drives and no hard drive. Call and ask for version 3. If you do not have a hard drive and this program came to you on three 360K (5 1/4") disks and you have two 5 1/4" drives then insert disk 1 of 3 into drive B: Type B: and press [ENTER]. Now type TEST and press [ENTER]. At the "Welcome to Harris Test" screen put disk 3 of 3 in drive B: and print out the manual. Now you may put into drive B: a blank disk that contains a TESTER directory with the file INSTRUCT.DOC (copied from disk 2 of 3) in it, this is your data disk. Disk 2 of 3 contains the program QUIZ.EXE and the sample question files.

If you do not have a hard drive and this program came to you on three 360K (5 1/4") disks and you have only one 5 1/4" drive then insert disk 1 of 3 in the drive and type TEST then press [ENTER]. At the HARRIS TEST screen insert a system disk upon which you have made a TESTER directory and copied the file TESTDOC.DOC (from disk 3 of 3). Now press any key and from the "Welcome to Harris Test" screen print the manual. Now insert a disk you have made containing the file COMMAND.COM on the root directory and a TESTER directory containing all the files from the TESTER directory of disk 2 of 3 except QUIZ.EXE. Disk 2 of 3 contains the document TESTDOC.DOC and the sample question files.

NO MATTER HOW YOU DO IT, A COPY OF YOUR VERSION OF "COMMAND.COM" MUST BE IN YOUR BOOT DRIVE AT ALL TIMES! Try to maintain the file structure on page 60 in figure 40. If you have your program files in any other directory the program will run slower and constantly ask you where your program files are.

DO NOT change disks in the drives after you have passed the "Welcome to Harris Test" screen. If you do, you will destroy files already on the new disk.

STARTING A QUESTION SET
If there are no question sets on the disk or, when offered choices of sets you press "TAB" instead, you may create a question set. (See figure 1). You must enter a valid file name that is not already on the disk. Some valid file names are "CHAP1", "HISTORY", or "MYQUEST". Invalid file names, "CHAP 1" (contains a space), or "UP/DOWN" (contains a punctuation mark). A password is optional, if you choose to not enter a password then you (or anyone else) can manipulate your question set. If someone else later installs a password you will be locked out of your own question set. If you choose to enter a password and later forget it, then you will be locked out. The course name is optional, it will be printed on all documents.

 OPENING NEW FILE.   Press [TAB] when finished or [ESC] to quit. 
       You may NOT use any of the file names listed below.
   File name ........ Use no spaces or punctuation marks.
    Password ........ You must remember this word to access this file.
 Course name .................. (Password & Course name are optional)  
 Press [F1] to choose maximum question length.   408  Characters.
Figure 1.
Press [F1] to toggle between a maximum question length of 408 or 880 characters. Smaller questions will take up less space on the computer disk. At 880 characters per question, 999 questions will use 888,000 bytes of storage space. (There is a little overhead for each question.) 999 smaller questions will use only 415,000 bytes of space. Each question will require the maximum amount of space no matter how small the actual question is. Of course if a question set has less than 999 questions it will take up less space.

To decide if you wish to give this question list its own user's word list for spell check purposes read the topic USER'S LISTS II


SUMMARY OF MAIN MENU FUNCTIONS
              HARRIS TEST
   0. Read questions from a text file
   1. Enter new questions.
   2. Edit existing questions.
   3. Print questions.
   4. Print a test.
   5. Make / Take / Manage a quiz.
   6. Print instruction manual.
   7. Change password / Course name.
   8. Copy / Delete files.
   9. Printer setup.  3  60  3
  F1. Program printer code.
 ESC. End this session / Load new file.

     Press [TAB] for B & W display
Figure 2. Main Menu
O. Read questions from a text file.
This function will read questions written into a word processing program and make a file of questions usable by this program. See Question Reader.


1. Enter new questions.
2. Edit existing questions.

Both of these functions will allow you to create or change questions. Option #1 will give you instructions for entering questions, allow you to add questions to the end of the file, and start you at the end of the file. Option #2 will skip the instructions, limit you to questions already in the file and start you at the begining of the file. See Enter Questions.

3. Print questions.
This function will print out a list of your questions to keep as a portable record. This will allow you to edit when away from the computer, or to pass copies out for study sheets. There are various options that will be described on Print Questions.

4. Print a test.
This function will format your questions in to a printed test which may then be taken by students. There are even more options for this, that will be described on Print a Test.

5. Make / Take / Manage a quiz.
"Make a quiz" allows you to use your question set to make a quiz that can be taken over and over on the computer. Think of it as electronic flash cards. These quizzes can also be used to give actual tests on the computer, or ask informational questions, the scores and the answers from these tests can then be read by the computer, sorted and then printed out or loaded into a spread sheet program. See Make a quiz.

"Take a quiz" allows you to try out the quiz without exiting this program and loading "QUIZ.EXE". "QUIZ.EXE" is the program that students use to take a quiz, it will not allow the questions to be changed or printed. See Take a Quiz.

Another part of this function is "Quiz management". This function allows you to read/erase quiz scores and answers, change quiz passwords, restore quiz access numbers, print out the quiz, and change parameters on an existing quiz. See Manage a Quiz.

6. Print instruction manual.
Print these instructions on your printer. The file "TESTDOC.DOC" must be on the disk. If you wish to prevent the user's guide from being printed (it's 65 pages) delete "TESTDOC.DOC" from the disk. Got a backup?

7. Change password / Course name.
Enter new password and course name.

8. Copy / Delete files
This function allows you to copy files to another disk or to delete them from this disk. See Copy / Delete.

9. Printer setup.
This function can actually be accessed at many places in the program. It allows you to choose the number of lines that will be printed by your printer for a top margin, printed text, and a bottom margin. It is important to choose correctly otherwise the text on each page will begin higher or lower on each following page. In general a printer that uses fan-fold paper (with holes on both edges) will use 3 lines for each margin and 60 lines of text, single sheet printers will use 0 lines of margins and 60 lines of text. You may set each margin to 0 - 3 lines and text to 51 - 66 lines. See Printers.

Once you make your choices all parts of the program will remember them and your choices will be remembered even if you exit the program.

[F1]. Program printer code.
Reset printer's "Ready" code. See Printers.

[ESC]. End this session / Load new file.
This function allows you to restart this program to load another file or to terminate operation of this program.

TAB.
While only at the main menu, pressing [TAB] will switch the display between color or black and white.


HELPFUL TIPS
At most times in this program, pressing [ESC] will either stop whatever you are doing, return you to where you came from, or answer "NO" to a question.

If you are offered the option of [TAB] = Save / [ESC] = Quit, pressing [TAB] will write the new data to the file, pressing [ESC] will leave the old data in place.

The [ENTER] key on your computer may say [RETURN] or have an arrow on it like this. (--'

The [TAB] key on your computer may have two arrows on it like this.

(---- 
 ----)
If you are told to move up or down by pressing either [PG UP] / [PG DN] or "Up arrow / Down arrow" many times both methods will work.

Some computers do not have the [F11] or [F12] keys needed in parts of the program, some Tandy computer [F11] and [F12] keys will do nothing. By holding down [CTRL] and pressing [F1] and [F2] you can simulate the [F11] and [F12] keys.

Many items, such as file names, can only be entered in uppercase even if you try to enter them in lowercase.

There are several things in your files that are supposed to be hidden, such as passwords. They are encrypted before they are put on the disk. Since your questions probably do not involve national security the method of encryption is not very complex, a competent programmer could figure it out. The questions themselves are not encrypted, any process or program which reads general files can read your questions or even erase them. The best security for your questions is to make backups and not leave them on a computer that has unsecured access.


READ QUESTIONS FROM A TEXT FILE

While the primary way to enter questions into this program is to type them in using this program, it is also possible to write questions on your favorite word processing program, or use a file of questions that already exists (with a few changes), and convert them into a format that this program can utilize.

To do this you use the program Question Reader. You can load and run Question Reader from the DOS prompt by switching to the TESTER directory and then typing QREADER and pressing [ENTER], or (much easier) when you are in Harris Test, at the "Welcome to Harris Test" screen, press [F2], or at the main menu press [0].

For Question Reader to be able to read questions typed into a word processing file they must be saved to the disk in as simple a format as possible. If your WP program offers the option of saving the file in an ASCII or .TXT or TEXT file please use it.

To be able to read a WP file, your questions must be typed in approximately the same style as a formatted question appears in Harris Test. On Appendix A, there is a sample word processor question file to show you how best to enter your questions or change an existing file of questions. It is STRONGLY suggested that you study this sample.

Question Reader can make two types of files. A question list is the basic file of questions that you make when you type in questions using Harris Test. A merge file is a group of questions that can me merged into an exsisting question list.

For this program to be able tell where your questions begin in the file, the first question and EVERY subsiquent question, must be marked by this symbol [Q] (Do not number your questions, they will be numbered by Harris Test.) The end of the last question must be marked by this symbol [END] Only text between the first [Q] and [END] will be read. Therefore if your file has many more questions than you wish to use, begin the first question you want to read with [Q] and end the last question you want to read with [END] and only those questions will be read.

Before attempting to use the following instructions on your word processor please read the next section of this manual. It will give you a basic understanding of how this program uses questions and what the various parts of a question can do.

If a question has multiple paragraphs you must mark the beginning of each (except the first one) with an "at" sign @.

If a question has multiple choice answers you must mark the beginning of each answer with an uppercase letter followed by either a close parentheses ) or a close curvy bracket }, ie.

 A} 1st answer 
 B} 2nd answer 
 C} 3rd answer 
 D} 4th answer 
The curvy bracket is a better choice, if you use the close parenthese you may not use either parentheses elsewhere in that question. The answer letters must be in alphabetical order beginning with A} You may have a maximum of 20 answers lettered A} to T}.

For cross match questions the description and the matching answer for that question must be on the same line separated by a back slash / ie.,

 Match the following... 
  A} One cent    \Penny    
  B} Five cents  \Nickel   
  C} Ten cents   \Dime     
  D} 25 cents    \Quarter  
  E} 100 cents   \Dollar   
If they are not, the "Correct answer" sheet will give incorrect answers.

When a cross match question is printed on a test or used in a computer given quiz the answers will automatically be scrambled for you.

The maximum question length is either 408 or 880 characters (your choice) not counting spaces except for one space after each word. The question, any answers, any footnotes, and any alternate answers all count toward your character count per question. Additional characters will be lost.

Footnotes are only shown in computer given quizzes after the question has been answered. They either explain the correct answer or give additional information on the topic. To include a footnote in your question it must follow the multiple choice answers (if any) and begin with a double colon :: ie.

::They may also be 'X' shaped.

Footnotes may be up to 70 characters long.

The last line of the question may contain the letters FITB followed by the alternate answers (if any), ie.

FITB TENESSEE*TENNESEE*TENESEE

Following everything else, and not counted in your character count, you may use the following optional codes.

If your question has multiple choice answers you may tell the program which one is correct by following this symbol [A] by the letter for the correct answer, ie. [A]D Be careful, if you tell the program that the correct answer is D the question must actually have an answer D} unless it is a survey question, then the correct answer is [A]Z

You may tell the program the scramble code for a question by using this symbol [S] followed by the correct letter, ie. [S]B

You may tell the program the correct number of essay lines to print by using this symbol [E] followed by the number 1 to 9, ie. [E]3

Survey questions must have [A]Z and cross match questions must have [A]X and the end of the question.

Do not use [S], or [E] with a cross match question.


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